Glossary Intro and Glossary Annexes
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Glossary F
Face Frame

Fairing off

Associated with boat building, fairing off means to scoop out a curved surface to gain an even, flowing curve.

Source: Home Craftsman 4 March-April 1935, page 172

Feather Board

Files, Rasps, etc.

Finger Joint:

Firsts and Seconds(FAS): A grade for Wood, it designates the quality of a piece of wood.

Flat Sawn

Wood cut tangentially from a log, where the Grain falls in a lateral direction, rather as in the more ideal, Quarter Sawn, where the Grain, in direction, flows more or less from a board's top surface to its bottom surface, a condition identified as "Vertical Grain".

Flathead Screw: The head of a Screw that, in shape is flat, rather than round or oval. Flathead screws are designed to sit flush in a Countersunk hole.

Fleam (teeth)

Floating Tenon

See also Mortise and Tenon

Flush

Level or even with the adjacent surface.

Source: Home Craftsman 4 March-April 1935, page 172.

Folding Rule

[definition below is borrowed from w f m goss, bench work in wood, rev ed, 1905 - section#18]

18. Rules are measuring strips, and are usually made of Boxwood. Their size is expressed by their length in inches or feet, as a "6-inch rule," a " 2-foot rule".

For convenience, using small brass hinges, they are made to fold, -image in  goss] and one is said to be "two-fold" when made of two pieces, "four-fold " when made of four, and "six-fold" when made of six pieces. Fig. 28 shows a four-fold rule.

To preserve the rule from wear, the better class are "bound" by a strip of brass which covers each edge : others are "half-bound," having only on edge covered and still others are "unbound," having no edge protection.

Carpenters' rules are usually graduated to eighths of inches on one side, and to sixteenths on the other Besides the regular graduations, other numbers are frequently represented ; but their purpose is so varied that their interpretation cannot be given here.


Sources: W F M Goss, Bench Work in Wood, rev ed, 1905 - section #18; Harvey Green, Wood: Craft, Culture, History  New York: Viking, 2006, page 434.

Foot-Powered And Hand-Powered Woodworking Machines

Forstner Bit

Fractional-Horse Power Motor

Frame and Panel

Fret Saw

see extended entry. See also Scroll Saw

Fret Sawing

Furniture Design and Designers